The year 2015 is fast becoming the warmest year ever.
On the heels of the warmest first half of the year in 135 years of recorded history, June 2015 just became the warmest June to date since 1998. Temperatures for the month of June were 2.27 degrees Fahrenheit higher than the 20th century average. January, February, March and June 2015 were all warmer this year than the year before. The temperatures in April 2015 were comparable to that of April 2014 but the month of May this year is slightly cooler than in the previous year.
Previously, 2010 held the record for the warmest first half of the year all over the globe but 2015 has taken the crown according to NASA’s Goddard Institute for Space Studies and NOAA’s National Climatic Data Center.
These record breaking temperatures are only expected to get even warmer with one of the strongest El Niño’s in modern records is expected to get even worse as the year progresses. Contributing to the increased temperatures the world over are increasing temperatures across the Pacific Ocean as well. According to NOAA, record breaking warm temperatures of the Pacific Ocean basins (northeast, central and southwest portions), Atlantic Ocean (western), Caribbean Sea (western), and Barents Sea as well as in southern Mexico, northern Scandinavia, and northern and central Argentina have largely contributed to the unusual rise in temperatures earlier this year.
According the NASA’s records June 2015 was especially hot along the strip from northern Russia to South of the Arabian Peninsula. The same goes for the part of the Arctic Ocean just above North America downward to the northeast Pacific Ocean. This has affected temperatures in western U.S. and western Canada. Outside the area, June has been incredibly warm in southwest Europe, central South America, central Africa and northeast Australia.
The trend has definitely been set, as data shows that Earth is indeed getting warmer.
It is alarming to note that 9 out of the top 10 warmest years in recorded history happened in the 2000’s. The only exception from the list was 1998, a previous record holder for one of the warmest years ever recorded because it was at the tail end of a really severe El Niño.
Curiously, despite rising temperatures in the rest of the world, there have been slight decreases in the temperature in these areas: Eastern Canada (in parts of the Great Lakes and New England), parts of the North Atlantic Ocean, the eastern Atlantic Ocean off of West Africa, and the Southern Ocean near the tip of South America.
These areas experienced a colder than average first half of the year. To add to that, a small area in the North Atlantic Ocean, just off of Greenland has reached record breaking low temperatures this year. While the rest of the world was warming up, New Zealand had a late June cold outbreak leading to the coldest temperatures in the country in the last 20 something years.
The extreme differences in temperatures around the globe have alarmed scientists against the irreversible consequences human consumption has on global warming.