There are several ways in which to measure how well or how bad a country or state is doing as compared to other territories. Several indexes measure gross domestic product (GDP), others measure investment grade ratings and there are even some that measure how “green” or environmentally friendly a state or country is.
The Fragile States Index of Fund for Peace is among the indexes that measure a broad range of a total of 12 social, economic and political indicators. Fund for Peace is a body of experts from the United States tasked to publish an annual report on how well sovereign states around the world measure up against the standard. The results are then published in Foreign Policy magazine.
The Fragile States Index is formerly known as the Failed States Index – however in the article we will refer to the countries as “failing” as there is always hope that things will take a turn for the better.
This list contains the 20 most failing countries in the world for 2015.
When Eritrea gained independence from Ethiopia back in 1993, Ethiopia became completely landlocked. It is surrounded by Eritrea, Sudan, South Sudan, Uganda, Kenya and Somalia. For a country largely dependent on agriculture the current drought they are experiencing and the lack of marine resources has plunged Ethiopia further into vulnerability.
While it has improved slightly from the previous years and it has become one of Africa’s best performing states and is setting a goal to reach middle-income status by 2020, its troubles are far from over.
In order to achieve its goals of improving the economy and quality of life of Ethiopians, the government has taken several steps to improve agricultural output. While this might be a step in the right direction, the execution of the agricultural plans leaves much to be desired. For a country that is highly dependent on foreign aid for food because they cannot produce enough to feed their own population, profiting from selling agricultural products seems a long way off.